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Grand Total, All Reporting Institutions
Doctor's Degree
Wage Outcomes


The doctor of philosophy is generally the terminal degree for any field of study. It is thus unsuprising that that the data shows no doctoral completers having enrolled in higher level of studies the following year. This does not mean that there are no graduates that did enroll in other levels of study, such as in professional degrees, just that we did not track that in these data as the numbers are quite small.

It is also not surprising that we have no information on the bulk of the graduates of doctoral programs compete in the national marketplace.



Wage Outcomes, 2022 Calendar Year
Grand Total, All Reporting Institutions, Doctor's Degree
Earnings in 2022Median WagePercentage of Graduates w/ Reported Wage
20 Years (2001-02 Graduates) $105,97817%
15 Years (2006-07 Graduates) $103,13821%
10 Years (2011-12 Graduates) $99,23425%
8 Years (2013-14 Graduates) $95,06122%
5 Years (2016-17 Graduates) $87,79126%
3 Years (2018-19 Graduates) $82,96327%
18 Months (2020-21 Graduates) $79,12826%
Only years/programs meeting disclosure rules will be displayed to protect individual confidentiality.

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Wages in 2022
Years Post-Completion10th Percentile25th PercentileMedian75th Percentile90th Percentile
80% of graduates with full-time wages fall within this range
20 Years (2001-02 Graduates) $15,983$60,184$105,978$156,339$217,800
15 Years (2006-07 Graduates) $34,137$74,096$103,138$143,916$206,790
10 Years (2011-12 Graduates) $39,591$73,487$99,234$134,108$194,929
8 Years (2013-14 Graduates) $35,531$71,980$95,061$130,166$184,703
5 Years (2016-17 Graduates) $37,843$67,677$87,791$117,189$160,126
3 Years (2018-19 Graduates) $44,617$65,989$82,963$112,381$155,868
18 Months (2020-21 Graduates) $37,611$61,367$79,128$108,183$155,432

As reminder, the median value represents the very middle value of the sample of values (wage or debt) sorted from low to high. This value is found in the middle line of the barcharts.
The remaining values in the chart are constructed similarly, to display how wages and earnings are distributed. Thus, while the median tells us the middle wage, the values for the 25th and 75th percentiles tell us that half of the graduates with wages fall between those two values. Likewise, 80% of reported wages fall between the 10th and 90th percentiles. The length of each bar section clue to the dispersion in the data - that is, how much earnings can vary within a range a group of individuals.
Grand Total, All Reporting Institutions,
Programs Rank Ordered by Cohort SizeMedian WagePercentage of Graduates w/ Reported WageMedian DebtPercentage of Graduates with Student Debt
Engineering, General$114,60622%$27,2629%
Computer and Information Sciences, General$139,02915%$19,2506%
Education, Other$85,67039%$47,30755%
Electrical and Electronics Engineering$129,66514%$17,0007%
Psychology, General$89,67020%$32,79841%
Organizational Behavior Studies$76,60010%$91,97957%
Education, General$87,80648%$37,80934%
Theology/Theological Studies$53,0375%$48,41935%
Physical Therapy/Therapist$79,16544%$80,28369%
Educational Leadership and Administration, General$81,60117%$48,27176%
Grand Total, All Reporting Institutions, (Disclosable Programs)
Programs Rank Ordered by Cohort Size, 3-year Wage Outcomes10th Percentile25th PercentileMedian75th Percentile90th Percentile
80% of graduates with full-time wages fall within this range
Engineering, General$39,612$90,550$114,606$134,114$166,509
Computer and Information Sciences, General$48,554$105,568$139,029$189,369$251,131
Education, Other$23,930$63,279$85,670$103,000$124,388
Electrical and Electronics Engineering$58,188$103,295$129,665$159,070$182,200
Psychology, General$44,010$64,095$89,670$110,337$132,695
Organizational Behavior Studies$11,304$36,936$76,600$113,419$198,263
Education, General$49,934$73,500$87,806$108,217$132,487
Theology/Theological Studies$9,858$14,550$53,037$77,723$133,675
Physical Therapy/Therapist$40,856$66,230$79,165$90,515$102,932
Educational Leadership and Administration, General$38,942$61,423$81,601$104,120$126,075

NOTE: Fewer than 10 programs may be displayed if they disclosure rules for providing wage outcome data are not met.
Top 25 Programs by Enrollment
Top 25 Programs by Degrees Awarded


Graduate Debt
Doctor's Degree
Student Loans



Known Debt at Graduation of Student Borrowers
Year% of grads25th PercentileMedianEstimated Payment on Median DebtMean75th Percentile
2017-1844%$37,911$64,477$742$73,198$101,866
2019-2041%$38,977$69,275$797$75,930$104,776
2020-2145%$41,000$68,061$783$76,929$104,000
2021-2248%$41,000$65,061$749$74,673$97,390

Note: The four-year bachelor’s degree mean and median debt levels reported on this site may differ from that reported by individual institutions. Many institutions report indebtedness based on the Common Data Set definition, which limits the indebtedness level reported to include only those students who entered the institution as first-time in college (FTIC) students. The inclusion of graduates who entered as transfer students may tend to lower the overall mean or median debt level because it does not include any debt that transfer students acquired while attending previous institutions outside Virginia and relatively few transfers from Virginia’s two-year colleges incur debt prior to transfer. Repayment estimates assume a standard 10-year repayment rate, and a 5% interest rate for undegraduate loans (for which multiple interest rates exist) and 6.8% for graduate and professional programs. Borrowers with federal loans may be eligible for Income Driven Repayment, which may result in lower payments.
Notes:

Full Legal Name - "Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University" (Virginia Tech); "The College of William and Mary" (William & Mary)
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